When Allah Ta’ala takes an oath upon some aspect, it is to illustrate the great significance of that aspect in the sight of Allah Ta’ala. Among the various things which Allah Ta’ala has taken an oath upon in the Qur’an is “ten nights” (Surah Al-Fajr). Many Mufassireen (commentators) are of the view that this refers to the first ten nights of Zul-Hijjah.
The Ahaadith also mention the virtue of the first ten days of Zul Hijjah. It is reported in one hadith that no action is more beloved to Allah Ta’ala than the action performed in these ten days, whether it be nafil salaah, zikr, charity, etc. (Sahih Bukhari).
REWARD EQUAL TO ONE YEAR
In another Hadith it is reported that one fast in these ten days is equivalent to the reward of fasting for one year (the tenth of Zul-Hijjah is excluded since it is not permissible to fast on the day of Eidul-Adha). Likewise, performing Ibaadah in any of these nights earns the reward of Ibaadah in Lailatul Qadr (Tirmizi).
Furthermore, among these ten days is the day of Arafah (9th Zul-Hijjah). Regarding this day Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is reported to have said: “I have hope in Allah Ta’ala that the fast of the day of Arafah will be an atonement for the (minor) sins of the past and forthcoming year” (Tirmizi). In a narration of Tabraani it is reported that one should in these ten days recite the following excessively: Tasbeeh (Subhanallah), Tahleel (La ilaha illallah), Tahmeed (Al-Hamdulillah) and Takbeer (Allahu Akbar).
Thus the first ten days and nights of Zul-Hijjah are extremely virtuous. One should therefore engage oneself in even more Ibaadah during this time. One should fast on as many of these days as possible. To ignore these virtues and be indifferent to the significance of these days and nights is indeed a great deprivation. It is also a sign of ingratitude to Allah Ta’ala for the great opportunity He has given us to earn tremendously multiplied rewards for little acts of devotion. Hence let us not ignore the gift of Allah Ta’ala. Instead let us take the maximum advantage of this gift.
Significance of the First Ten Days of Zil HIjjah
Allah has taken oath of ten nights in Soorah Al-Fajr. According to the majority of the commentators of Qur’an, the nights are those of the (first) ten days of Zul Hijjah.
Abdullah Ibne ‘Abbas (Radhiallaahu Anhu) related that the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Good deeds performed on other days are not superior to those performed on these (first ten days of Zul Hijjah).” The Companions (Radhiallaahu Anhum) inquired, “Not even Jihad?” He replied, “Not even jihad, except for that person who goes out putting himself and his wealth in danger and does not return with anything.” ( Bukhari )
Abdullah Ibne ‘Abbas (Radhiallaahu Anhu) narrated that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “On no other days are good deeds more liked by Allah than on these ten days (i.e. The first ten days of Zul Hijjah).” The Sahabah (Radhiallaahu Anum) asked, “O Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam)! Not even Jihad in the Way of Allah?” Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) replied, “Not even Jihad in the Way of Allah, except for that person who goes out with his life and wealth and does not return with anything.” (Aboo Dawood, Tirmizi, Ibne Majah)
Aboo Hurayrah (Radhiallaahu Anhu) related that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “On no days is the worship of Allah desired more than in the (first) ten days of Zul Hijjah. The fast of each of these days is equal to the fast of a whole year, and the worship of each of these nights is equal to the worship of Laylatul Qadr.” (Tirmizi, Ibne Majah)
The mother of the believers, Hafsah (Radhiallaahu Anha) reports that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) used to fast the (first) nine days of Zul Hijjah. (Nasa’ee, Ahmad, Aboo Dawood)
Abdullah Ibne ‘Umar (Radhiallaahu Anhu) related that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “No days are as weighty with Allah and so liked by Him for good deeds than the first ten days of Zul Hijjah. So on these days increasingly read Subhanallah, La ilaha illallah, Alhamdulillah and Allahu Akbar.” (Musnad Ahmad)
Virtues of the Day of Arafah (9th Zul Hijjah)
A’ishah (Radhiallaahu Anha) reports that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “ There is no day in which Allah sets free more souls from the fire of hell than on the day of Arafah. And on that day Allah draws near to the earth and by way of exhibiting His Pride remarks to the angels, ‘What is the desire of these (servants of mine) ? ” (Muslim)
Talhah (Radhiallaahu Anhu) reports that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “ Apart from the day of the Battle of Badr there is no day on which the Shaytan is seen to be more humiliated, more rejected, more depressed and more infuriated, than on the day of Arafah, and indeed all this is only because of beholding the abundance of descending mercy (on the day) and Allah’s forgiveness of the great sins of the servants.” ( Mishkat )
Aboo Qatadah Al-Ansari (Radhiallaahu Anhu) narrated that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) was asked about the fast on the day of Arafah. He said, “It compensates for the (minor) sins of the past and the coming year.” ( Muslim, Tirmizi, Ibne Majah)
Night of ‘Eedul Adh’ha
The nights of both ‘Eed are described in the Hadeeth as amongst the great and sacred nights in the Muslim calendar. To remain awake on the nights of ‘Eed and perform ‘ibadah is a source of great virtue and reward.
Aboo Umarah (Radhiallaahu Anha) related that, A ‘ishah (Radhiallaahu Anha) reports that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Whosoever stays awake and performs ‘ibadah (worship) on the nights of the two ‘Eed, with hope for abundant reward (from Allah), his heart will not die on the day (i.e. Qiyamah) when all hearts will be dead.” (Targheeb)
Mu’az Ibne Jabal (Radhiallaahu Anhu) relates that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Jannat is wajib (incumbent) for those who stay awake with the intention of making ‘ibadah on the following nights: 8th, 9th and l0th of Zul Hijjah, the night of ‘Eedul Fitr and the night of the l5th of Sha’ban.” (Targheeb )
Virtues of Qurbani
Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “ There is nothing dearer to Allah during the days of Qurbani than the sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of Judgement with its horns, hair, and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allah before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore sacrifice with an open and happy heart.” (Tirmizi, Ibne Miijah)
Takbirat of Tashreeq
The Takbirat of Tashreeq are:
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar,
La ilaha illallahu wallahu Akbar,
Allahu Akbar, Walil lahil hamd.
“ Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest.
There is no deity besides Allah and Allah is the Greatest.
Allah is the Greatest and all praises are for Allah only. “
It is wajib for every adult Muslim to recite these Takbirat of Tashreeq audibly once after every fardh salaah which is performed with jama ‘at (congregation) from the Fajr of 9th Zul Hijjah to the Asr of 13th Zul Hijjah (i.e. total of 23 salah).
Mas’alah: It is not wajib for women and shar’ee travellers. But, if they are performing salah behind an imam upon whom it is wajib, then it will become wajib upon them too. However it is mustahab for them to recite in any case.
Mas’alah: Women should not say it loudly but softly.
Mas’alah: Takbeer should be recited immediately after concluding the fardh prayer.
Shaykh Muhammad Saleem Dhorat