First ten days of Zul Hijjah

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When Allah Ta’ala takes an oath upon some aspect, it is to illustrate the great significance of that aspect in the sight of Allah Ta’ala. Among the various things which Allah Ta’ala has taken an oath upon in the Qur’an is “ten nights” (Surah Al-Fajr). Many Mufassireen (commentators) are of the view that this refers to the first ten nights of Zul-Hijjah.

The Ahaadith also mention the virtue of the first ten days of Zul Hijjah. It is reported in one hadith that no action is more beloved to Allah Ta’ala than the action performed in these ten days, whether it be nafil salaah, zikr, charity, etc. (Sahih Bukhari).

REWARD EQUAL TO ONE YEAR

In another Hadith it is reported that one fast in these ten days is equivalent to the reward of fasting for one year (the tenth of Zul-Hijjah is excluded since it is not permissible to fast on the day of Eidul-Adha). Likewise, performing Ibaadah in any of these nights earns the reward of Ibaadah in Lailatul Qadr (Tirmizi).

Furthermore, among these ten days is the day of Arafah (9th Zul-Hijjah). Regarding this day Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is reported to have said: “I have hope in Allah Ta’ala that the fast of the day of Arafah will be an atonement for the (minor) sins of the past and forthcoming year” (Tirmizi). In a narration of Tabraani it is reported that one should in these ten days recite the following excessively: Tasbeeh (Subhanallah), Tahleel (La ilaha illallah), Tahmeed (Al-Hamdulillah) and Takbeer (Allahu Akbar).

DEPRIVATION

Thus the first ten days and nights of Zul-Hijjah are extremely virtuous. One should therefore engage oneself in even more Ibaadah during this time. One should fast on as many of these days as possible. To ignore these virtues and be indifferent to the significance of these days and nights is indeed a great deprivation. It is also a sign of ingratitude to Allah Ta’ala for the great opportunity He has given us to earn tremendously multiplied rewards for little acts of devotion. Hence let us not ignore the gift of Allah Ta’ala. Instead let us take the maximum advantage of this gift.

Related Article: http://www.jamiat.org.za/isinfo/Significance_first_ten_days_Zil_Hijjah.html

Significance of the First Ten Days of Zil HIjjah
Allah has taken oath of ten nights in Soorah Al-Fajr. According to the majority of the commentators of Qur’an, the nights are those of the (first) ten days of Zul Hijjah.
Abdullah Ibne ‘Abbas (Radhiallaahu Anhu) related that the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Good deeds performed on other days are not superior to those performed on these (first ten days of Zul Hijjah).” The Companions (Radhiallaahu Anhum) inquired, “Not even Jihad?” He replied, “Not even jihad, except for that person who goes out putting himself and his wealth in danger and does not return with anything.” ( Bukhari )
Abdullah Ibne ‘Abbas (Radhiallaahu Anhu) narrated that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “On no other days are good deeds more liked by Allah than on these ten days (i.e. The first ten days of Zul Hijjah).” The Sahabah (Radhiallaahu Anum) asked, “O Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam)! Not even Jihad in the Way of Allah?” Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) replied, “Not even Jihad in the Way of Allah, except for that person who goes out with his life and wealth and does not return with anything.” (Aboo Dawood, Tirmizi, Ibne Majah)
Aboo Hurayrah (Radhiallaahu Anhu) related that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “On no days is the worship of Allah desired more than in the (first) ten days of Zul Hijjah. The fast of each of these days is equal to the fast of a whole year, and the worship of each of these nights is equal to the worship of Laylatul Qadr.” (Tirmizi, Ibne Majah)
The mother of the believers, Hafsah (Radhiallaahu Anha) reports that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) used to fast the (first) nine days of Zul Hijjah. (Nasa’ee, Ahmad, Aboo Dawood)
Abdullah Ibne ‘Umar (Radhiallaahu Anhu) related that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “No days are as weighty with Allah and so liked by Him for good deeds than the first ten days of Zul Hijjah. So on these days increasingly read Subhanallah, La ilaha illallah, Alhamdulillah and Allahu Akbar.” (Musnad Ahmad)

Virtues of the Day of Arafah (9th Zul Hijjah)
A’ishah (Radhiallaahu Anha) reports that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “ There is no day in which Allah sets free more souls from the fire of hell than on the day of Arafah. And on that day Allah draws near to the earth and by way of exhibiting His Pride remarks to the angels, ‘What is the desire of these (servants of mine) ? ” (Muslim)
Talhah (Radhiallaahu Anhu) reports that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “ Apart from the day of the Battle of Badr there is no day on which the Shaytan is seen to be more humiliated, more rejected, more depressed and more infuriated, than on the day of Arafah, and indeed all this is only because of beholding the abundance of descending mercy (on the day) and Allah’s forgiveness of the great sins of the servants.” ( Mishkat )
Aboo Qatadah Al-Ansari (Radhiallaahu Anhu) narrated that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) was asked about the fast on the day of Arafah. He said, “It compensates for the (minor) sins of the past and the coming year.” ( Muslim, Tirmizi, Ibne Majah)

Night of ‘Eedul Adh’ha

The nights of both ‘Eed are described in the Hadeeth as amongst the great and sacred nights in the Muslim calendar. To remain awake on the nights of ‘Eed and perform ‘ibadah is a source of great virtue and reward.
Aboo Umarah (Radhiallaahu Anha) related that, A ‘ishah (Radhiallaahu Anha) reports that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Whosoever stays awake and performs ‘ibadah (worship) on the nights of the two ‘Eed, with hope for abundant reward (from Allah), his heart will not die on the day (i.e. Qiyamah) when all hearts will be dead.” (Targheeb)
Mu’az Ibne Jabal (Radhiallaahu Anhu) relates that Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Jannat is wajib (incumbent) for those who stay awake with the intention of making ‘ibadah on the following nights: 8th, 9th and l0th of Zul Hijjah, the night of ‘Eedul Fitr and the night of the l5th of Sha’ban.” (Targheeb )
Virtues of Qurbani

Rasoolullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “ There is nothing dearer to Allah during the days of Qurbani than the sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of Judgement with its horns, hair, and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allah before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore sacrifice with an open and happy heart.” (Tirmizi, Ibne Miijah)

Takbirat of Tashreeq

The Takbirat of Tashreeq are:

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar,

La ilaha illallahu wallahu Akbar,

Allahu Akbar, Walil lahil hamd.

—–

“ Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest.

There is no deity besides Allah and Allah is the Greatest.

Allah is the Greatest and all praises are for Allah only. “

It is wajib for every adult Muslim to recite these Takbirat of Tashreeq audibly once after every fardh salaah which is performed with jama ‘at (congregation) from the Fajr of 9th Zul Hijjah to the Asr of 13th Zul Hijjah (i.e. total of 23 salah).
Mas’alah: It is not wajib for women and shar’ee travellers. But, if they are performing salah behind an imam upon whom it is wajib, then it will become wajib upon them too. However it is mustahab for them to recite in any case.
Mas’alah: Women should not say it loudly but softly.
Mas’alah: Takbeer should be recited immediately after concluding the fardh prayer.

Shaykh Muhammad Saleem Dhorat

7 thoughts on “First ten days of Zul Hijjah

  1. DEAR HAJI…
    General advice from the writings of the Ulama for those who intend to perform Hajj

    § Actions are judged according to the intention. Therefore one must sincerely intend only to perform Haj to fulfil the command of Allah Ta’ala and earn His pleasure. Let there be absolutely no worldly motive in one’s Haj. To also have some worldly motive together with the intention to perform Haj is like mixing milk with water.

    § Before embarking on the journey, repent sincerely for all one’s sins. Perform two Rakaats of Salaatul Tawba before leaving the home. Give some Sadaqah (charity) as well. The effect of sincerely repenting before going for Haj is that one will be blessed with the ability of performing more good actions than one had been doing.

    § Fulfil all the rights of people and pay all the dues. Seek forgiveness from those who you may have hurt in any way.

    § Write out your will before leaving. If you owe money to anyone, or if money is owed to you, write it out in full detail. Likewise if any trust property is in your possession, write that as well in full detail.

    § One unique aspect of Haj is that it only becomes Fardh once in one’s life. Any subsequent Haj performed is Nafil. Therefore, one must become well acquainted with all the Masaa’il as well as the Sunnah and Mustahab acts before leaving.

    § The journey of Haj is a journey undertaken to fulfil the a Farz Ibaadah. Hence one should be even more careful with the other Faraa’id while going for Haj. No salaah should be missed. One should take special care of this especially while traveling.

    § Leave home happily. Do not leave with any sorrow or grief. The Haj performed with enthusiasm and love becomes a means of progress in Deen. Similarly, the hardships of the journey should not damper one’s spirit or decrease the zeal for performing Haj.

    § Be kind and considerate to your fellow travellers. Help them as much as possible. The one who serves others on this journey is a Mujahid in the path of

    § The dua of a traveler is accepted. While traveling to the Holy Lands, continuously make dua after every Salaah and at other times for an accepted Haj for oneself as well as all the other Hajis.

    § Your time is extremely precious. You have no idea whether you will blessed with this opportunity. Therefore do not waste this precious time in idle talk, etc. Use your time in Tawaaf, Tilaawat, Zikr, etc. Increase your recitation of Durood tremendously while in Madinatul Munawwarah. Also set a minimum target for the amount of Tilaawat yo will make daily and complete it by all means. At least one Khatam each should be made in the Haram of Makkatul Mukkaramah and Madinatul Munawwarah.

    § Rewards for good deeds are increased in the holy places of the Haramain. Likewise the sins of evil arte also multiplied. Hazrat Umar (RA) is reported to have said: “It is more severe upon me that I commit one sin in Makkah than committing seventy sins outside Makkah.” Hence much more care should be taken to totally refrain from sin. Be particularly careful about protecting the eyes from gazing at strange women. This is an extremely destructive evil.

    § Sit with much dignity and honour in the Haramain. Never resort to laughing, joking and idle talk in the Haram. Similarly do not pay attention towards the decorations and beauty of the buildings. Rather engage yourself in the Ibaadah (worship) of the Creator of all beauty.

    § Perform Nafil Tawaafs and Umrahs with the intention of passing the rewards to Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). The same could be done to one’s relatives etc., especially those who have passed away.

    § Be kind and soft in your dealings with the people of the Haramain. Never attempt to deceive them nor cause them any difficulty or harm. To do so is to bring destruction upon oneself.

    § Protect your Haj from Riya (show and ostantation). Duas are especially accepted at all the places of MakkatuL Mukkaramah, Madinatul Munawwarah, Mina, Muzdalifa, Arafaat, etc. One should therefore engage excessively in dua for oneself as well as the entire Ummah.

    § While standing in front of the Rawdah Mubarak (the resting place of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), make a firm intention to return as an ambassador of the mission of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). You will Insha Allah witness the benefit of this.

    § When you return, do not discuss the difficulties you may have experienced. Keep your gaze fixed on the rewards you will receive and realize that compared to those rewards these difficulties are absolutely nothing.

    § While still on Haj and even after returning, perform much Nafil Salaah as Shukr (gratitude) for this great gift.

    ZAM ZAM

    § Allah Ta’ala has given the water of Zam Zam the gretaes virtue compared to any other water.

    § Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) is reported to have said: “If you drink it (Zam Zam) for cure (from any ailment), Allah Ta’ala will grant you cure. If you drink it to be saved (from any calamity or enemy), He will grant you refuge from the same. If you drink it to quench your thirst, Allah will grant it to you.”

    § Drink Zam Zam with the intention to quench one’s thirst on the day of Qiyamah.

    § Hazrath Abu Zar (R.A.) once spent fourty days in which he had no food at all. He survived by drinking Zam Zam. It provided complete nourishment for him.

    § When drinking Zam Zam, Ibn Abbas (RA) used to recite the following dua: “O Allah, I seek from you beneficial knowledge; abundant sustenance and cure from all illness.”

    May Allah Ta’ala bless you and all the Hujjaj with a Haj Mabroor. Aameen.

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